10 Warning Signs of Dementia

Posted by Deborah Lee on

10 Warning Signs of Dementia
How to check if you may have Dementia?

Dementia is a medical condition that affects about 10% of seniors aged 60 and above in Singapore. Symptoms may vary from person to person. If you or a loved one experience one or more of the following warning signs, you may wish to consult a professional medical care provider.


Here are 10 things to look out for:

 Warning Sign #1: Memory loss that hinders your day-to-day living.

Memory loss is one of the first warning signs of dementia. This includes Short Term Memory (STM) loss such as forgetting important dates and events, and over-reliance on memory aids and/or loved ones. Usually, people with dementia lose their STM first and gradually, their Long Term Memory later on.


 Warning Sign #2: Tendency to misplace personal items.

STM loss may cause a person to start misplacing their items. They may also begin to be wary of others around them, and even suspect them of stealing their personal belongings, which can strain family ties.


Warning Sign #3: Inability to accurately tell the time.

The inability to tell the time and the tendency to forget important dates is another warning sign of dementia. People with dementia may find themselves confused with the time, date, and/or seasons. In late stage dementia, patients may even face difficulty in differentiating day from night.


Warning Sign #4: Inability to find your way to a familiar place. 

Additionally, people with dementia may forget how to get to familiar places. Other instances include losing sense of where they are or even how they got there in the first place.


Warning Sign #5: Challenges in solving problems.

A person with dementia may encounter difficulties with problem-solving. It may also be challenging for them to develop and/or follow a plan, due to poor concentration.


Warning Sign #6: Difficulties in completing tasks at home and/or at work.

People with dementia may experience increasing difficulty in completing day-to-day tasks at home or in the workplace. Familiar or simple activities may become daunting as the dementia progresses.


Warning Sign #7: Feels withdrawn and experience a losing interest in social activities.

It is common for dementia patients to lose interests in activities they once enjoy - from their hobbies to hanging out with friends. They may also withdraw themselves from social circumstances. These can be attributed to the possible change in personality they experience and the increasing inability for them to express themselves properly.


Warning Sign #8: Inability to make sense of visuals

Dementia patients may also experience visual memory loss and have trouble deciphering visual images. Other related difficulties include problems with reading, judging distance, and seeing differences between contrasting colours.


Warning Sign #9: Inexplicable mood swings or experience a change in personality.

Another indication of dementia is the presence of mood swings. Be it having drastic changes in moods - they can be happy one moment and be sad the next, or being easily upset or agitated, people with dementia usually cannot help having these inexplicable changes in temperament.


Warning Sign #10: Problems with speech or writing.

Speech and/or writing can become increasingly difficult for dementia patients. They may face challenges in recalling a specific word, or struggle with connecting sentences. In severe cases, they may lose the ability to communicate coherently to express themselves altogether.


The information for this blog post is obtained from:

Alzheimer’s Association

The contents of this blog post is not complete nor exhaustive, and hence not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. For an accurate reflection, please visit a professional medical care provider. Should you require any assistance, you can visit the Alzheimer’s Disease Association or call their helpline at 6377-0700.


Check out our post on the 5 common myths of Dementia here!

Also, keep a look out for our next blog post: 10 Activities You Can Do With Dementia Patients

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